11 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2021|Top Programming Languages
Best Programming Languages to Learn
What best defines a programming language?
A programming language is a set of instructions for computers to understand, a language used to write computer programs, which involves a computer performing some kind of computation or algorithm and possibly control external devices such as printers, disk drives, robots, and so on.
Thousands of different programming languages have been created, and more are being created every year, and so many developers and programmers work on these every day.
You should learn them as they are highly popular, easy to learn, diverse and so there are many job opportunities available.
This information will answer your questions like-
- Which programming language is best for games?
- Which programming language is best for getting jobs?
If you want to build software, applications, games then you should first learn programming languages for it.
As a programmer you have to and should learn more than one language and learning these languages will start your career and help you in getting a high salary job in this work field.
If you want to learn a programming language but can’t seem to find one that fits you the most, according to your and your company’s or business goals as a beginner then this article’s for you providing you with the 11 best programming languages you can learn.
Here you can find information about some of the best and demanding programming languages in the marketplace.
All these languages have contributed so far in the computer and it’s programming world and are doing great in the present and will have a bright future.
So here are the best coding languages to learn to help you get started in the world of programming.
Python is an interpreted, high-level and dynamically-typed programming language. It is an open-source, general-purpose free language and can be used for scripting too.It was created by Guido van Rossum, a Dutch programmer, and released in 1991. Python is very simple and easier to learn and use, it is object-oriented helping programmers to write clear and logical code for any large or small project.
It is highly used, among IT professionals and many Programmers, for software development, scientific programming, web development on the server-side, desktop GUIs applications, machine learning, network programming, game programming, web scrapping, system scripting, finance, trading, data analysis, computer graphics, developing Artificial Intelligence systems.
It is widely used by many major tech companies such as Google, Amazon, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Reddit, Dropbox, Uber, etc. and they hire python developers.
Python is also known to have an abundance of libraries that assist with data analysis and scientific computing.
Complex mathematics and scientific calculations can be performed and a large amount of data can be handled with the help of Python.
Its syntax is very easy to read and understand, it is easier to access and is very similar to English. It is a beginner-friendly flexible language allowing beginners and experts to do jobs easily rather than focusing and spending their time solely on coding.
If you want to start a career in coding or programming languages then you should consider learning Python first, it will surely be a help in getting started and learning other languages after it.
It is a highly productive language, writing programs takes less amount of time and effort than any other language, and allowing a programmer, beginners, and experts, to focus on solutions and develop rather than spending time in understanding and writing complex coding, you can code quickly, basically, it makes programming and coding easier.
It offers diversity and variety as you can do so much with this language as you learn it, creating scripts, developing games and applications and so much more, it has many libraries and frameworks like Django, Flask, Pyramid, Turbo Gear. It has a big supporting, growing, thriving community to help.
It will open doors for you to the field of coding. Python programmers are in great demand and this demand is still growing, There is an abundance of jobs available in this field, they have high salaries in this industry to earn especially in the field of web development, machine learning, and data science. At last, it’s a good choice to learn Python.
It is also used for creating animations in the browser. You can be a professional game developer, you can create your own blogs rather than hosting your articles on other platforms and sites with its help.
It is the most used and popular programming language in the world. So a programmer should learn it. This language is also easy to learn and understand and there’s large community support to help each other and stay motivated.
But if you like learning it will be fun to you you can explore yourself with it and you can see yourself going much further as you learn the language and can make the most out of your skill with a good high paying job. If you want to learn this language then there are many good courses and tutorials available online.
In the end, it will prove to be a very useful skill to learn.
Java is a general-purpose programming language class-based, object-oriented, and designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is platform-independent, fast, secure and reliable. Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, released in 1995 and was subsequently acquired by Oracle.
The syntax of Java is highly influenced by C and C++, but it has lesser low-level facilities than either of them. It is used almost everywhere such as in many big companies that work on Android for developing Android applications with its own GUI system.
Java was originally designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time. There are many job opportunities once you learn Java. Java is used on websites like Amazon.com, Facebook.com, LinkedIn.com, and eBay.com.Its easy-to-learn.
This language has evolved so much, with an English-like syntax and it’s effortless nature Java could be learned in a short amount of time and used to build useful applications. You don’t have to spend any money to write codes in Java and it also has a supportive community to help, inspire and answer your questions.
You can learn this language with the help of the internet for free as many resources are available online and books, ebooks. It works great in building a large scale system and in companies like Google and Amazon, writing programs for your Android phone specifically.
C++ is a high-level, general-purpose programming language created by Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs since 1979, first appeared in 1985, as an extension of the C programming language, or “C with Classes”.
The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C++ has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
It is easy to learn, it’s syntax is simple and beginners can learn it as a first language. C++ runs on lots of platforms like Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac, etc.
It has many uses in the programming industry and used by programmers and developers to build applications. It is faster compared to other languages and highly used to write and build rendering software of browsers as it helps in browse fast by loading web pages faster.
Mozilla browser is completely built by using C++. Google’s Chrome and File system, Microsoft software is built using this.
Many open-source projects, applications, browsers, software programs, operating systems, 3d games, animation software, database software, web servers like popular MySQL, Postgres and GUI applications such as Adobe system applications like Photoshop, Illustrator, Adobe Premiere are written and created with the help of C++.
C# (pronounced see sharp, like the musical note C♯, but written with the number sign) is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language. It was developed around 2000 by Microsoft as part of its .NET initiative.
C# was designed by Anders Hejlsberg, and its development team is currently led by Mads Torgersen. This was created to be a simple, modern, object-oriented, productive programming language.
All sorts of applications ranging from computer games, utilities, Operating Systems, and compilers.
There are also web-based applications running on the asp.net platform. It is used to create Windows client applications, XML Web services, distributed components, client-server applications, database applications, and much, much more.
This language is readable, elegant, well designed and pleasant to use. It was originally designed by Microsoft to be used for developing apps on the Microsoft platform. If you want to build apps for the Microsoft platform, you should learn.
C#. It is cross-platform, can run on multiple operating systems. You can learn this language to build powerful tools.
Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. It was designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan.
It is dynamically typed and uses garbage collection and as a flexible language, it’s slow. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming. According to the creator, Ruby was influenced by Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, Basic, and Lisp.
It was created with a goal to make programming fun, it was used to make games in Japan. It is easy to get started with as a beginner as code is easy to understand and read because it reads like English.
It also has a growing and supportive community that is making efforts to make more improvements. You can start learning ruby online with the help of many affordable courses and tutorials.
You can learn Ruby on Rails, web application framework, before Ruby. It will help you learn Ruby easily and in a short time as many things from Rails apply in Ruby.
Matsumoto has said that Ruby is designed for programmer productivity and fun, following the principles of good user interface design. At a Google Tech Talk in 2008 Matsumoto further stated, “I hope to see Ruby help every programmer in the world to be productive, and to enjoy programming, and to be happy.
That is the primary purpose of Ruby language. He stresses that systems design needs to emphasize human, rather than a computer, needs. Matsumoto has said his primary design goal was to make a language that he himself enjoyed using, by minimizing programmer work and possible confusion. The syntax of Ruby is broadly similar to that of Perl and python.
Ruby is still popular and in high demand in the marketplace, as it’s more commonly used in Rails applications. Ruby is object-oriented: every value is an object
PHP is a popular general-purpose, server-side scripting language that is especially suited for web development. It was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994.
PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, but it now stands for the recursive initialism PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. It is free to use and an open-source platform. It can be run on almost every operating system and on all major operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and RISC OS.
It can be used for many programming tasks outside of the web context, such as standalone graphical applications and robotic drone control. Web development is the development and designing of innovative and feature-rich multi-functional websites by using PHP programming language.
It is user friendly and easily understood by users as it’s simple, clean and organized. It is less complicated for web development to make websites. PHP web development is mostly preferred platform, it’s cost-efficient and offers most tools for development for free of cost.
PHP supports a wide range of databases. It is time-efficient as it doesn’t require much time to learn and use. Websites and webpages made by PHP can be quickly executed as the code runs faster as it utilizes its own memory space. Biggest companies like Facebook, Flickr, and Yahoo are also empowered by PHP.
It is installed on millions of websites and web servers over millions of PHP developers worldwide 75% of Web2.0 sites are builtin PHP. You can approach any
PHP web development company to get the job. There is also a thriving vast community that supports and helps in need, so no need to worry about being a beginner.
C is a general-purpose, procedural computer programming language supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope, and recursion, while a static type system prevents unintended operations. is a middle-level language.
It is not object-oriented like C++. C was originally developed at Bell Labs by Dennis Ritchie between 1972 and 1973 to make utilities running on Unix. Later, it was applied to re-implementing the kernel of the Unix operating system.
During the 1980s, C gradually gained popularity. It has become one of the most widely used programming languages.
It is an elegant and beautiful language though yet it is one of the most powerful languages. C++ is based on C and thus is a subset of C++ it’s execution speed is fast.
It is a common language, used for writing operating systems and UNIX was the first operating system written in C, it was used for writing other programming languages too such as Python, PHP, and Ruby.
So it will be helpful for you in learning and understanding other programming languages. It’s easier and faster to code in C and provides a software library.
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux, and z/OS and first released in October of 2014.
It is highly influenced by Python and Ruby, it was designed to be beginner-friendly and fun to use, it is a powerful and useful language and easy to learn.
It is free and open-source, a high-level language and its code are similar to English. Being a statically typed language, it is faster than all the dynamically typed languages.
It has a fast-growing and supporting community that will help you stay motivated, inspired and updated and learn from others. There is high demand in the marketplace for swift developers and designers with a high salary other than the average salary offered for other languages.
Apple’s company’s future is very bright and the same can be said for Swift too. The language can develop and improve more in the future opening more ways and opportunities. If you want to build iOS or Mac OS applications and games then you have to learn Swift for it.
Objective-C is a general-purpose and object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language. It was first released in 1984 and developed by Tom Love and Brad Cox at their company Productivity Products International.
This is the main programming language used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their respective APIs, Cocoa and Cocoa Touch. It is statically and dynamically typed language.
It is a good language to learn as a first language. It is flexible, easy to learn and understand as it is based on C, it’s very similar to C as the more features C didn’t have were added in objective-C.
SQL is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system and stands for Structured Query Language. It’s mainly used for handling structure data.
It was initially developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce in 1974. It is a strong and static typed language, open-source and cross-platform. It is most popular among data scientists and engineers.
It is used to collect, organize and manage the database information. SQL skills and programmers are in high demand because so many businesses need it and use it.
“Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes.” – Oscar Wilde